paul’s words

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Not Commander of the United States

The former Mayor of New York City, Rudolph W. Giuliani praised Senator John McCain as the best choice “to be the next commander in chief of the United States”.

A dangerous and subversive concept.

The president is not the commander in chief of all who reside in the United States, only of those brave women and men who pledge special allegiance to serve in the armed forces of the U.S.

“The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States...” (Constitution of the United States, Article II, Section 2.) “The Congress shall have Power ... To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions...” (Article I, Section 8.)

The president is commander in chief of the armed forces. He commands the militia only when they are called into service pursuant to congressional action. He does not have authority on his own to call the militia into service; he is not commander in chief of the militia unless there’s an invasion or insurrection.

The constitution demands our constant vigilance. It is a protection from “a Design to reduce [us] under absolute Despotism”, as we asserted in the Declaration of Independence.

W. Paul Wharton

A report on Giuliani’s comments can be found at: (Link corrected/updated December 5, 2009, when it was discovered that the old link failed.)